The agricultural sector offers employment to almost half of unemployed youth, yet there is very low interest in this sector. Many young people do not perceive agriculture as a viable or attractive means of earning a living. There are no contracts or benefits, the infrastrure for improvement is weak and productivity (therefore salary) is too variable. The low youth interest can be attributed to the lack of support, the use of traditional and outdated equipment and the fact that very few youths own land.
While most of the food on the island is produced by ageing smallholder farmers, older farmers are less likely to adopt the new technologies and systems needed to sustainably increase agricultural productivity, and ultimately feed the growing population while protecting the environment. Hence, the need to re-engage the youth in agriculture, specifically in green jobs. Green jobs such as agrotourism, organic farming, natural building,landscaping,water and waste management, soil building, beekeeping, vermiculture, herbal medicine and natural cosmetics etc. that encompass permaculture education, can provide more sustainable livelihoods in the long run and can be more labour intensive and ultimately involve more value added.
Zanzibari youths may not have the skills ( or access to necessary skills-upgrading oppurtunities) to partake in the green economy. Improving their access to education and training-including formal and informal on-the-job training is needed to redress this skills mismatch. Innovative ways of improving youth´s access to the skills and oppurtunitiies needed to generate green jobs in agriculture should be undertaken. Coupled with a coherent and integrated response from the government as well as private sectors , green jobs possess significant development potential to generate ample and decent gainful employment for Zanzibari youths.
Sub-objective 1: To increase interest in agricultural sector and specifically in green jobs amongst youth, especially young women.
Sub- objective 2: To increase knowledge and skills in permaculture design and green jobs sector, as well as employability and soft-skills of youth, especially young women.
Sub-objective 3: To strengthen awareness, understanding of importance and benefit of permaculture and “Green Jobs “and increase stakeholder support of youth in agricultural sector and specifically green jobs.
Progress to date
- 59 youth got trained on permaculture
- 59 got soft skills training
- 25 youth are employed in FTDS and different sector
- 34 youth are working to their communities to spread the permaculture concept